8. A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON NIOSOME FOR NOVEL DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM
The concept of targeted delivery of drugs is designed to try to concentrate the drug in the tissues of interest while reducing the relative concentration of the drug in the remaining tissues. As a result, on the targeted location, drug is placed. Hence, the medication does not affect underlying tissues. In fact, product failure does not occur due to drug localization, contributing to optimum drug efficacy. Different drug targeting carriers have been used, such as immunoglobulin, serum proteins, synthetic polymers, liposomes, microspheres, erythrocytes, and niosomes. Niosomes are non-ionic surfactant vesicles obtained by a hydrating cholesterol and non-ionic surfactant mixture. It can be used as amphithelial and lipophilic drug carriers. The medicine is encapsulated in a vesicle in a drug delivery network of niosomes. Niosomes are biodegradable, non-immunogenic biocompatible, and demonstrate versatility in their structural characterisation. The main aim of this analysis is to use niosome technology to treat a variety of diseases, niosomes have good research opportunities and support the science and pharmaceutical industries.