6. A REVIEW ON PHARMACOLOGICAL PROFILE OF CITRUS PARADISI
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) is an important member of Citrus genus from family Rutaceae. It has been used as a folk medicine in many countries as anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anti-arthritic, antioxidant, analgesic activity, antibacterial activity, antitumor activity, anti-amnesic activity, anxiolytic activity, nephroprotective activity, anti-HIV activity, antitubercular activity, antieosinophilic activity, anti-snake venom activity. Now days an herbal and traditional medicines mostly used in all over the world according to WHO, about 60 to 65% world population practicing herbal and traditional medicines. Plant have many chemical constituents as flavonoids, volatile oil, triterpenes, diterpenes, sesquiterpenes, lignan, flavones, glycosides, iridoid glycosides and stilbene derivative. These chemical constituents are present in each part of the plant. The traditional use of Citrus paradise as internal fruit peel is used to treat for malaria, gastro-protective and antiulcer. Citrus fruit peel is 1000 times sweeter than sucrose. This review article provides a depth information related to plant morphology, cultivation, chemical constitutes, pharmacological activities and their medicinal uses.